Why depression affects more women than men?
Thank you all for giving such an informative answers.
yes somehow! women are more emotional and they tend to overthink a lot. Overthinking is linked to psychological problem, like depression and anxiety. It's likely that overthinking causes mental health to decline and as your mental health declines, the more likely you are to overthink. It's a vicious downward spiral. this can also be linked to more depression on women.
Brilliant points made by Emily and Paul and an interesting topic. Certainly as seen a lack of reporting is an issue.
You can see how the reporting of mental health issues and depression could be a significant factor by comparing rates of suicide between males and females. With females, suicidal thoughts seem to be more prevalent but completed suicides seem to be carried out by men more often.
For an interesting read on gender differences in suicide see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gender_differences_in_suicide
@Emily M makes some very good points, and I agree. I think a few issues in addition to what she already described is that (1) men are less likely to seek mental health treatment for depression and are therefore less likely to be diagnosed, (2) men are less likely to be perceived as depressed by mental health clinicians due to bias which reduces the rate of diagnosis, and (3) men are more likely to engage in externalizing behaviors than internalizing behaviors in response to distress. As a result, others are likely to label them differently.
This is likely not explained by just one factor. Women are more likely to report mental health issues than men due to stigma. Women also deal with sexism in their everyday lives, and violence against women is very prominent, which can contribute.