Researchers from the University of Bonn have discovered specific groupings of neurons that deal with various operations of mathematics.
Nine individuals, five women, and four men were involved in the study. The area of the brain under investigation was the temporal lobe. Utilizing different operations such as addition or subtraction activated a different grouping of neurons. This finding was consistent even when the symbols '+' and '-' were replaced by words.
However, there was another area called the Parahippocampal area which was also involved in the process.
In short, when doing addition one group of neurons fired, but another group fired when the participant was performing subtraction. This helps us further understand the areas involved with mathematical ability.