Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the second most common type of skin cancer symptoms, and treatment options depend on factors such as the size, location, and stage of the tumor. Treatment approaches for SCC may include:
Surgical excision: The primary treatment for SCC involves surgically removing the tumor along with a margin of healthy tissue. This can be done using traditional excision or Mohs surgery, depending on the specific case.
Mohs surgery: Mohs surgery is particularly effective for SCCs with high-risk features or those located in cosmetically sensitive areas. It involves removing thin layers of tissue and examining them under a microscope until no cancer cells remain.
Radiation therapy: In cases where surgery is not possible or for SCCs that have spread to nearby lymph nodes, radiation therapy may be recommended to destroy cancer cells and reduce the risk of recurrence.
Electrodesiccation and curettage: This procedure involves scraping the tumor off the skin using a curette and using an electric current to destroy any remaining cancer cells.
Topical medications: Certain topical medications, such as creams or gels containing 5-fluorouracil or imiquimod, can be applied directly to the skin to treat superficial SCCs or precancerous lesions.
The choice of treatment depends on several factors, including the stage and location of the SCC, patient preferences, and the expertise of the healthcare provider. It is important to consult with a dermatologist or skin cancer specialist to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for squamous cell carcinoma.