When I talk to people about powerlifting, they often confuse it with Olympic lifting and bodybuilding.A look at this often overlooked sport reveals some of the confusion surrounding it.
What is powerlifting training?
Powerlifting is a sport that consists of three exercises: squats, bench presses and deadlifts. The goal of the sport is to lift as much weight as possible in 3 lifts while following all the rules.
Powerlifting differs in many ways from Olympic weightlifting (sometimes called oly-lifting), and the two are very different sports. Olympic lifting has two of his exercises: the snatch and the clean and jerk. Both exercises require a lot of skill and technique to succeed as they land the weight overhead. Raw power is more important than technique in powerlifting. Bodybuilding, on the other hand, is different because it is all about sculpting the body and muscles.Bodybuilders often have no power at all because the sport is all about aesthetics rather than power or strength.Powerlifters Although you can gain big muscles as a result of training, it's not the main focus and many powerlifters don't look classically "athletic."
Benefits of powerlifting training
Powerlifting has many benefits beyond building strength. Heavy lifting increases bone density and reduces the risk of bone fragility and osteoporosis. And because the compound movement works every muscle group in the body, it improves coordination and develops larger muscle groups than a single exercise. As your muscle density increases, you'll burn more fat at rest, so you'll lose weight without even trying. Being stronger overall reduces the risk of injury in other sports such as running and cycling, and translates well into other aspects of life such as climbing stairs and hiking.
Is powerlifting an Olympic sport?
Powerlifting is not an Olympic sport and is often confused with Olympic weightlifting. However, the Paralympics do powerlifting. At the Paralympics, a powerlifter only completes the bench press, considered the ultimate test of upper-body strength, with some athletes able to press three times her body weight or more. This is amazing. Male and female athletes with the following eight acceptable physical disabilities are eligible to participate.
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· muscle weakness
· limited passive range of motion
· missing limbs
· leg length discrepancies
· short stature
· Hypertonia (muscles that are so tense that they become stiff or difficult to move)
· Ataxia (a term for a group of disorders that affect coordination, balance, and speech)
· Athetosis (a condition in which abnormal muscle contractions cause involuntary writhing movements)
Many physical disabilities such as cerebral palsy, spinal cord injury, lower limb amputation and polio also meet current minimum eligibility criteria and athletes with these conditions can safely and properly compete under the rules of World Para Powerlifting. can. All eligible athletes participate in one sport class, but in different weight classes.
Bench press is a single discipline of sport with 10 different categories based on weight. Athletes must lower the bar to the top of their chest, hold it still above their chest, straighten their elbows and push it up to arm's length. The athlete he tries three times, and the athlete who lifts the most kilograms is the winner.
How are powerlifting competitions conducted?
Anyone can participate in local or regional powerlifting competitions. To qualify for national or world competitions, you must reach certain totals in your age and weight divisions. There are different powerlifting federations across the country and around the world, with different weight classes. The governing body for powerlifting is the IPF. The results are based on what is called the Wilkes score. This score takes into account both weight and weight lifted to give a fairer score, as heavier people can generally lift more than lighter people. small.
Shortness is often an advantage in powerlifting because the levers (arms and legs) are shorter, leaving less space to move the weight. A high rate also increases weight, putting you at a disadvantage compared to lighter but stronger athletes, so you need to find the right balance.
There are two types of powerlifting, he says: with and without equipment (often called "raw" powerlifting). While this limits movement, it also greatly aids lift. Bandages and lifting suits/shirts are therefore only permitted in special equipment competitions. Knee wraps, wrist wraps and slings may continue to be worn in non-equipment competitions, but they must be of a specific approved type. Some federations don't even allow knee wraps, so check the rules before competing. Belts are practically recommended in all powerlifting competitions as they protect the back and reduce the risk of injury when lifting very heavy weights.
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