The self-regulation construct is especially significant to the forensic psychiatric practice, considering its associations with clinical and criminal outcomes and recidivism.
"Emotional, cognitive and behavioural self-regulation in forensic psychiatric patients: changes over time and associations with childhood trauma, identity and personality pathology" https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1068316X.2022.2044813 is a recent study that dug deeper into this.
The authors investigated changes in emotional, behavioural and cognitive self-regulation. They also examined "the associations between these three elements of self-regulation and childhood trauma, identity dysfunction and personality pathology."
The findings (that should be taken with caution due to the sample size restrictions - N = 94) suggest short-term changes are unlikely and indicate the relative importance of emotional and behavioural regulation for clinical practice.