The lack of underlying mental disorder or criminal culpability also has a strong connection. There could be various reasons for this, but I'm interested in whether other criteria (such as unemployment) should be included when determining criminal liability or accountability?
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There is something known as "mitigating circumstances." These are usually going to be codified in the law. A lot of things might be considered for reducing culpability and therefore sentencing. A history of trauma, distress at the time of the offense, impact of addiction, abuse history, etc. can also be considered. However, this does not prevent them from being found guilty. It just lessens their sentencing.
I don't really think so. My professor was saying that lot's of people in the prison system have financial problems and unemployment. If they were not responsible because they were unemployed, most people in the system would not be responsible. Plus, someone who wants to commit a crime could just quit their job and then commit the crime and not be liable, right?